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5 basic duties of a Muslim

A must know-and-read for every Muslim!

This is the MOST basic duty a Muslim should do; which is to utter and believe that there is no God than Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger.

“Ash-hadu an-laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah , wa-ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-Rasul-ullah”

♦ “To all the Messengers that were sent before you We revealed that I am the only God to be worshipped” [ Al-Anbiya 21:25]
♦ “Your lord has ordained that you must not worship anything other than Him” [ Al-Isra 17:23 ]
♦ “Take only what the Messenger gives to you and desist from what he forbids you [ Al-Hashr 59:7 ]

• Narrated by Anas (r.a.): The Prophet (s.a.w) said : “Whoever said La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but ALLAH) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of hell” [ Al-Bukhari : volume 001, Book 02 hadith # 044 ]

Every Muslim should know that the 5 daily prayers are not merely exercise-like movements, but it’s a holy act of worshiping Allah. Is it, undoubtedly, the dearest deed to Allah!

♦ “(Muhammad), recite to them what has been revealed to you in the Book and be steadfast in prayer; prayers keeps one away from indecency and evil. It is the greatest act of worshipping ALLAH. And ALLAH knows the (deeds) that you do.” [ Al-Ankabut 29 : 45 ]
♦ “Pay due attention to your prayers, especially the middle prayer and stand up while praying, in obedience to ALLAH”. [ AI-Baqarah 2: 238 ]

•Narrated by ‘Abdullah (r.a.) : I asked The Prophet (s.a.w.) “Which deed is the dearest to ALLAH?” He replied “To perform the (daily compulsory) Salat at their (early) stated fixed times. [Al-Bukhari Vol. 01, Book 009, hadith 527 ]

Paying zakah helps purify the soul of a righteous Muslim. The more you give, the more you will receive in the future, and Insyallah, Allah promises that.

♦ “And offer prayers perfectly and pay zakah. You will receive a good reward from ALLAH for all your good works. ALLAH is Well-aware of what you do.” [Al-Baqarah 2 : 110 ]

♦ “They were only commanded to worship ALLAH, be uprightly devoted to His religion, steadfast in prayer and pay zakah. This is truly the eternal religion” [Al-Bayyina 98:5 ]

• Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Amr (r.a ): A person asked The Prophet (s.a.w.) “ What sort of deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good? “ He replied “To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.” [Al- Bukhari vol 1, book 2, hadith # 028 ]

Fasting in Ramadhan! Only the true believers are able to see how joyous and blessed the act of fasting is! Fasting in the month of Ramadhan is compulsory to every breathing Muslim, as it helps cleanse the soul (and the tummy from eating too much).

♦ “Believers, fasting has been made mandatory for you as it was made mandatory for the people before you so that you may achieve taqwa” [Al-Baqara 2:183 ]

•Narrated by Abu Hurairah (r.a) : The Prophet (s.a.w.) said “Whoever observes fasting during the month of Ramadhan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain ALLAH’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” [ Al-Bukhar i vol.001, book 002 hadith # 038 ]

Eventho’ Hajj is one of the main, basic duty of a Muslim, it is only applicable to those who is able to undertake the journey to it. The pilgrimage is indeed a holy journey, so if you haven’t done your Hajj, start planning!

♦ “Those who have the means and ability have a duty to ALLAH to visit the House and perform the Hajj (pilgrimage) rituals. The unbelievers should know that ALLAH is independent of all creatures.” [ Al-i-Imran 3: 97 ]

♦ “Complete the Hajj and Umrah (two parts of the rituals of pilgrimage to Mecca) in obedience to ALLAH.” [Al-Baqara 2 : 196 ]

• Narrated by Abu Hurairah (r.a.) : The Prophet (s.a.w.) said “ Whoever performs Hajj for ALLAH’s sake only and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins, then he will return ( after Hajj, free from all sins) as if he was born anew .” [ Al-Bukhari Vol.2, Book 025, hadith 1521 ]

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